At Commercecon, we design and build modern production halls and warehouses. As a general contractor, we execute projects from A to Z in the Design and Build formula. We put great emphasis on the functionality and safety of the offered buildings.
Ensuring the safety of warehouses is a priority for us, and thanks to our extensive experience we are well aware of how varied the design factors can be. We focus on delivering the highest durability, reliability and strength standards for structures in compliance with Polish and EU standards (Eurocodes).
Technical aspects of warehouse safety
To ensure the highest level of safety, we consider a number of factors when designing halls. Decisions made at an early stage of the design process as well as those taken at the end of construction and the handover of the project have a key impact. You can always count on our technical support and advice.
In technical terms, the safety of halls primarily depends on adopting safe parameters of the materials used, to account for the forces they are exposed to and the required strength. Adopting a suitable structural system that takes into account the ground conditions and the performance characteristics of the building significantly affects the safety of a steel hall. Equally important is the right design.
We focus on the safety of the warehouse from the very beginning of a project, starting with choosing the right protection systems for load-bearing posts, supports and a number of other structural elements. High-contrast shields and barriers ensure protection against impact.
Fire safety of a production hall
When analysing the methods of ensuring safety for the discussed types of structures, one should not neglect anti-corrosion protection and another key issue: fire safety of a production hall or warehouse. Engineering structures must be designed in such a way that in case of a fire:
- The load-bearing capacity of the structure is ensured for the required time (fire resistance).
- Smoke and fire formation and propagation is reduced as much as possible.
- Fire propagation to neighbouring structures is minimised.
- All people inside the hall are able to exit safely.
- Safety for rescue teams is ensured.
The ultimate level of fire safety of a production hall depends greatly on the fire resistance. This should be understood as the time during which a structure affected by fire can safely carry the resulting loads. Depending on the intended purpose of the building, the applicable standards and regulations strictly define the fire resistance time. These parameters vary depending on a number of factors. Remember that the fire resistance time will differ slightly for the main structure, the roof and the walls of a production hall or warehouse.
The fire safety of production halls depends to a large extent on the combination of technical solutions implemented to ensure fire protection. Fireproof coatings are the most commonly used technology for protecting industrial buildings. The coating is sprayed directly onto the steel structure. This type of product typically includes:
- mineral fibres,
Fire-retardant coatings are characterised by very low thermal conductivity and high stability at extreme temperatures, which may even exceed 1000°C during a fire. This type of protection achieves a fire resistance of 4 h. One big advantage of this method is the short time required for achieving protection and tightness. Before the fire-retardant compound is applied, the structure must be secured with an anticorrosive coating.
Another key aspect for the safety or warehouses and similar industrial facilities is the use of special fire-resistant linings. These can protect a structure for approx. 4 h during a fire. While applying a fire-resistant lining is more time-consuming than spraying a fire-retardant coating, the final result is much more presentable and attractive for the Investor and user of the facility. Coating steel structures with intumescent coatings is also a highly effective, convenient and economical option for the Investor. The thickness of the protective coating can be easily selected based on manufacturer catalogues according to the required fire resistance time. Intumescent coatings protect structures for one hour during a fire. To ensure the highest level of fire safety of a production hall, multiple methods and tools should be used in combination, as long as there is no technical conflict between them.
A modern steel hall which meets the requirements for fire protection should also be fitted with alarm and detection devices (e.g. smoke detectors). In the design phase, consideration should be given to the costs of installing a smoke extraction system and devices to prevent the development of a fire and its propagation to neighbouring elements, structures, goods or machinery. This is best done using fire sprinklers. The design of a steel hall must also account for escape routes for users and rescue teams.
Anticorrosive protection of industrial halls
Corrosion can significantly compromise the durability and reliability of structures. As a result, the safety of steel halls depends greatly on applying suitable corrosion protection.
The most frequently chosen solution is to coat the structure at the fabrication stage with a specialist coating system. Such systems typically comprise multiple layers, each with a different function. The primer coat ensures proper adhesion to the structure, the interlayer increases the thickness of the barrier layers and the topcoat ensures direct protection from physical (precipitation or UV radiation) and chemical factors. This layer also enhances the appearance of the elements. Properly preparing the surface of a steel element is extremely important as well.
When designing steel halls, we place great emphasis on the safety of the halls as well as the requirements for durability, reliability and appearance. Steel structures built by Commercecon comply with all fire safety requirements. We place particular emphasis on the fire protection of the facilities we erect by fitting them with suitable fire safety systems.
Ensuring warehouse safety requires a multi-faceted approach, which is why we consider a number of factors during the design phase, such as the safety of neighbouring structures and the characteristics of the site.
Let our expertise and experience work for you.